Health Library

  • morphine
 

morphine

Pronunciation: MOR feen

Brand: AVINza, Kadian, MS Contin, MSIR, Oramorph SR

Avinza 120 mg

capsule, blue/white, imprinted with AVINZA, 120mg 508

Image of Avinza 120 mg
slide 1 of 42
    

Avinza 30 mg

capsule, white/yellow, imprinted with AVINZA, 30 mg 505

Image of Avinza 30 mg
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Avinza 45 mg

capsule, blue/white, imprinted with AVINZA, 45 MG 509

Image of Avinza 45 mg
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Avinza 60 mg

capsule, blue/white, imprinted with AVINZA, 60 mg 506

Image of Avinza 60 mg
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Avinza 90 mg

capsule, red/white, imprinted with AVINZA, 90 mg 507

Image of Avinza 90 mg
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Kadian 10 mg

capsule, blue, imprinted with KADIAN, 10mg

Image of Kadian 10 mg
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Kadian 100 mg

capsule, green, imprinted with KADIAN, 100 mg

Image of Kadian 100 mg
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Kadian 200 mg

capsule, brown, imprinted with KADIAN, 200 mg

Image of Kadian 200 mg
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Kadian 30 mg

capsule, blue, imprinted with KADIAN, 30 mg

Image of Kadian 30 mg
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Kadian 50 mg

capsule, blue, imprinted with KADIAN, 50 mg

Image of Kadian 50 mg
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Kadian 60 mg

capsule, pink, imprinted with KADIAN, 60 mg

Image of Kadian 60 mg
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Kadian 80 mg

capsule, orange, imprinted with KADIAN, 80 mg

Image of Kadian 80 mg
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Morphine 100 mg ER-MAL

round, gray, imprinted with 100, M inside square

Image of Morphine 100 mg ER-MAL
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Morphine 15 mg ER-MAL

round, blue, imprinted with 15, M inside square

Image of Morphine 15 mg ER-MAL
slide 14 of 42
    

Morphine 15 mg SR-ETH

oval, green, imprinted with 15, E

Image of Morphine 15 mg SR-ETH
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Morphine 15 mg-ROX

round, white, imprinted with 54 733

Image of Morphine 15 mg-ROX
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Morphine 200 mg ER-MAL

oblong, green, imprinted with 200, M inside square

Image of Morphine 200 mg ER-MAL
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Morphine 30 mg ER-MAL

round, purple, imprinted with 30, M inside square

Image of Morphine 30 mg ER-MAL
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Morphine 30 mg-ROX

round, white/blue specks, imprinted with 54 262

Image of Morphine 30 mg-ROX
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Morphine 60 mg ER-MAL

round, orange, imprinted with 60, M inside square

Image of Morphine 60 mg ER-MAL
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Morphine 60 mg SR-ETH

oval, white, imprinted with 60, E

Image of Morphine 60 mg SR-ETH
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Morphine ER 100 mg-ABG

round, gray, imprinted with ABG, 100

Image of Morphine ER 100 mg-ABG
slide 22 of 42
    

Morphine ER 15 mg-ABG

round, blue, imprinted with ABG, 15

Image of Morphine ER 15 mg-ABG
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Morphine ER 30 mg-ABG

round, pink, imprinted with ABG, 30

Image of Morphine ER 30 mg-ABG
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Morphine ER 60 mg-ABG

round, pink, imprinted with ABG, 60

Image of Morphine ER 60 mg-ABG
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Morphine IR 15 mg-ETH

round, brown, imprinted with 15, ETH

Image of Morphine IR 15 mg-ETH
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Morphine IR 30 mg-ETH

oblong, brown, imprinted with 30, ETHEX

Image of Morphine IR 30 mg-ETH
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Morphine SR 100 mg-WAT

round, imprinted with 100, ABG

Image of Morphine SR 100 mg-WAT
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Morphine SR 15 mg-WAT

round, imprinted with 15, ABG

Image of Morphine SR 15 mg-WAT
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Morphine SR 200 mg-WAT

oblong, green, imprinted with 200, ABG

Image of Morphine SR 200 mg-WAT
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Morphine SR 30 mg-WAT

round, purple, imprinted with 30, ABG

Image of Morphine SR 30 mg-WAT
slide 31 of 42
    

Morphine SR 60 mg-WAT

round, imprinted with 60, ABG

Image of Morphine SR 60 mg-WAT
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MS Contin 100 mg

round, gray, imprinted with PF, 100

Image of MS Contin 100 mg
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MS Contin 15 mg

round, blue, imprinted with M 15, PF

Image of MS Contin 15 mg
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MS Contin 200 mg

round, green, imprinted with PF, M 200

Image of MS Contin 200 mg
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MS Contin 30 mg

round, pink, imprinted with PF, M 30

Image of MS Contin 30 mg
slide 36 of 42
    

MS Contin 60 mg

round, beige, imprinted with PF, M 60

Image of MS Contin 60 mg
slide 37 of 42
    

Oramorph 15 mg

round, white, imprinted with 54 782, 15

Image of Oramorph 15 mg
slide 38 of 42
    

Oramorph SR 100 mg

round, white, imprinted with 54 862, 100

Image of Oramorph SR 100 mg
slide 39 of 42
    

Oramorph SR 15 mg

round, white, imprinted with 54 782, 15

Image of Oramorph SR 15 mg
slide 40 of 42
    

Oramorph SR 30 mg

round, white, imprinted with 54 409, 30

Image of Oramorph SR 30 mg
slide 41 of 42
    

Oramorph SR 60 mg

round, white, imprinted with 54 933, 60

Image of Oramorph SR 60 mg
slide 42 of 42
    

What is the most important information I should know about morphine?

You may not be able to take this medicine unless you are already being treated with a similar opioid pain medicine and your body is tolerant to it. Talk with your doctor if you are not sure you are opioid-tolerant.

Multum habit

Morphine may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person for whom it was prescribed. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get to it.

Multum noalcohol

Do not drink alcohol while you are using morphine. Dangerous side effects or death can occur when alcohol is combined with morphine. Check your food and medicine labels to be sure these products do not contain alcohol.

Never take morphine in larger amounts, or for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label. Tell your doctor if the medicine seems to stop working as well in relieving your pain.

Multum donot

Do not stop using morphine suddenly after long-term use, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Ask your doctor how to avoid withdrawal symptoms when you stop using morphine.

What is morphine?

Morphine is an opioid pain medication. An opioid is sometimes called a narcotic.

Morphine is used to treat moderate to severe pain. Short-acting morphine is taken as needed for pain. Extended-release morphine is for use when around-the-clock pain relief is needed.

Morphine is not for treating pain just after surgery unless you were already taking morphine before the surgery.

Morphine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using morphine?

Multum donot

Do not use this medicine if you have ever had an allergic reaction to a narcotic medicine (examples include methadone, morphine, Oxycontin, Darvocet, Percocet, Vicodin, Lortab, and many others), or to a narcotic cough medicine that contains codeine, hydrocodone, or dihydrocodeine.

Multum donot

You should also not take morphine if you are having an asthma attack, or if you have a bowel obstruction called paralytic ileus.

Multum emt

Do not use morphine if you have used an MAO inhibitor such as furazolidone (Furoxone), isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), rasagiline (Azilect), selegiline (Eldepryl, Emsam, Zelapar), or tranylcypromine (Parnate) in the last 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur, leading to serious side effects.

To make sure you can safely take morphine, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:

  • a blockage in your digestive tract (stomach or intestines);
  • asthma, COPD, sleep apnea, or other breathing disorders;
  • liver or kidney disease;
  • underactive thyroid;
  • curvature of the spine;
  • a history of head injury or brain tumor;
  • epilepsy or other seizure disorder;
  • low blood pressure;
  • gallbladder disease;
  • Addison's disease or other adrenal gland disorders;
  • enlarged prostate, urination problems;
  • mental illness; or
  • a history of drug or alcohol addiction.
Multum habit

Morphine may be habit forming and should be used only by the person for whom it was prescribed. Never share morphine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it.

Multum donot

You may not be able to take morphine unless you are already being treated with a similar opioid pain medicine and your body is tolerant to it. Talk with your doctor if you are not sure you are opioid-tolerant.

Multum nopreg

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether morphine will harm an unborn baby. Morphine may cause addiction or withdrawal symptoms in a newborn if the mother takes the medication during pregnancy. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using morphine.

Multum nobrfeed

Morphine can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

Older adults and those who are ill or debilitated may be more likely to have serious side effects.

How should I use morphine?

Take exactly as prescribed. Never take morphine in larger amounts, or for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label. Tell your doctor if the medicine seems to stop working as well in relieving your pain.

Multum nocrush

Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Swallow the pill whole. It will release medicine slowly in the body. Breaking the pill would cause too much of the drug to be released at one time.

To make swallowing easier, you may open the extended-release capsule and sprinkle the medicine into a spoonful of applesauce. Swallow this mixture right away without chewing. Do not save the mixture for later use. Discard the empty capsule.

Measure liquid medicine with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup, not with a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Multum donot

Do not stop using morphine suddenly, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Talk to your doctor about how to avoid withdrawal symptoms when stopping the medication. You may need to use less and less before you stop the medication completely.

Multum rt

Store at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and light.

Keep track of the amount of medicine used from each new bottle. Morphine is a drug of abuse and you should be aware if anyone is using your medicine improperly or without a prescription.

Always check your bottle to make sure you have received the correct pills (same brand and type) of medicine prescribed by your doctor. Ask the pharmacist if you have any questions about the medicine you receive at the pharmacy.

After you have stopped using this medication, flush any unused pills down the toilet. Throw away any unused liquid morphine that is older than 90 days.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Since morphine is sometimes used as needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. If you are using the medication regularly, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and wait until your next regularly scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

Multum donot

Extended-release morphine is not for use on an as-needed basis for pain.

What happens if I overdose?

Multum emt

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose of morphine can be fatal.

Overdose symptoms may include extreme drowsiness, pinpoint pupils, confusion, cold and clammy skin, weak pulse, shallow breathing, fainting, or breathing that stops.

What should I avoid while using morphine?

Multum noalcohol

Do not drink alcohol while you are taking this medication. Dangerous side effects or death can occur when alcohol is combined with morphine. Check your food and medicine labels to be sure these products do not contain alcohol.

Multum dizzy

This medication may impair your thinking or reactions. Avoid driving or operating machinery until you know how morphine will affect you.

What are the possible side effects of morphine?

Multum emt

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Multum donot

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • shallow breathing, slow heartbeat;
  • stiff muscles, seizure (convulsions);
  • cold, clammy skin;
  • confusion, unusual thoughts or behavior;
  • severe weakness, feeling like you might pass out;
  • trouble swallowing;
  • urinating less than usual or not at all;
  • pale skin, feeling light-headed or short of breath, rapid heart rate, trouble concentrating; or
  • easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red pinpoint spots under your skin.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • weight loss;
  • constipation, diarrhea;
  • nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, loss of appetite;
  • flushing (warmth, redness, or tingly feeling);
  • headache, dizziness, spinning sensation;
  • memory problems; or
  • sleep problems (insomnia), strange dreams.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect morphine?

Multum donot

Do not take morphine with any other narcotic pain medications, antidepressants, sedatives, tranquilizers, sleeping pills, muscle relaxers, or other medicines that can make you sleepy or slow your breathing. Dangerous side effects may result.

Tell your doctor about all other medicines you use, especially:

  • cimetidine (Tagamet);
  • buprenorphine (Buprenex, Subutex);
  • butorphanol (Stadol);
  • nalbuphine (Nubain);
  • pentazocine (Talwin); or
  • a diuretic (water pill).

This list is not complete and other drugs may interact with morphine. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about morphine.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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