Preventing Poisoning in Young Children

Topic Overview

If you have a possible poisoning emergency, call 1-800-222-1222 and you will be automatically transferred to the closest poison control center.

Many of the items in our homes can be poisonous to children—household cleaners, medicines, cosmetics, garden products, and houseplants. If these items are not kept out of reach, your child could swallow, inhale, or eat these toxic substances or get them on his or her skin.

Young children have the highest risk of poisoning because of their natural curiosity. Products that are poisonous to children can also harm pets.

Use the following tips to keep dangerous products or items away from children.

Preventing poisoning

  • Choose the least hazardous product available for the job.
  • Use the lowest-risk form and the smallest amount of product needed.
  • Never leave a poisonous product unattended, even for a moment. Many poisonings occur when an adult becomes distracted by the doorbell, a telephone, or some other interruption.
  • Keep household plants out of reach. Many are poisonous if they are chewed or ingested.
  • Use childproof latches on your cupboards. And be careful of what you store in your bedside table and other cupboards that are lower than your shoulder height.
  • Keep products in their original labeled containers. Never store poisonous products in food containers.
  • Use "Mr. Yuk" stickers, and teach your children to recognize them. These stickers are available from your local poison control center or hospital.
  • Post the phone number to the poison control center or emergency room in several places throughout the house.
  • Purchase items that are in child-resistant containers.
  • Choose multi-use products to cut down on the number of different chemicals around your house.
  • Read product labels for caution statements, how to use the product correctly, and first aid instructions. Common poisonous substances include:
    • Cosmetics, nail care products, and perfumes.
    • Arts and crafts products, such as glue.
    • Bleach, dishwater detergent, drain and toilet bowl cleaners, furniture polish, and other cleaning products.
    • Windshield washer fluid and antifreeze.
    • Turpentine products, kerosene, lye, lighter fluid, and paint thinners and solvents.
    • Garden products, especially products that kill insects, pests, or weeds.
    • Batteries and mothballs.
  • Reduce your child's exposure to lead in your home, drinking water, foods and other items. For more information, see the topic Lead Poisoning.

House and garden poisons

  • Keep products completely out of the reach and sight of children. Do not keep poisons, such as drain opener, detergent, oven cleaner, or plant food, under your kitchen sink.
  • Look for words that signal the level of poison danger in pesticide products. The word "Caution" on a pesticide label means the product is slightly toxic. The word "Warning" means the product is moderately toxic. And the word "Danger" means the product is highly toxic.1 For more information, go to the National Pesticide Information Center website at www.npic.orst.edu.
  • Use only nontoxic arts and crafts materials.
  • Check your home for lead paint chips if your home was built before 1978.
  • Don't forget your garage when poison-proofing your home. Keep poisons and flammables out of reach of children. For example, kerosene, lamp oil, gasoline, and fertilizers are all poisonous when ingested. Many products kept in garages also are fire hazards.

Alcohol and medicines

  • Keep alcohol, medicines (including vitamins), tobacco products, and dietary supplements out of the sight and reach of children. Aspirin is a common source of childhood poisoning, especially flavored "baby" aspirin. And children sometimes eat cigarettes.
  • Do not take medicines in front of your young child. Children like to mimic adult actions. They may eat something inappropriate in an attempt to be like you.
  • Educate your child about the effects of alcohol and medicines.
  • Never call medicines "candy."
  • Keep medicines in their original labeled containers.
  • Buy over-the-counter medicines that have child-resistant packages.
  • Check the expiration dates on medicines. Mix old medicines into coffee grounds or cat litter and put them in the trash. Don't flush them down the toilet.

Chemicals and fumes

  • Never mix chemicals.
  • Keep cleaners or chemicals in their original containers.
  • Only use chemicals in well-ventilated areas.

Other Places To Get Help

Organizations

American Academy of Pediatrics
141 Northwest Point Boulevard
Elk Grove Village, IL  60007-1098
Phone: (847) 434-4000
Fax: (847) 434-8000
Web Address: www.aap.org
 

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) offers a variety of educational materials about parenting, general growth and development, immunizations, safety, disease prevention, and more. AAP guidelines for various conditions and links to other organizations are also available.


American Association of Poison Control Centers
515 King Street
Suite 310
Alexandria, VA 22314
Phone: 1-800-222-1222 for poisoning emergencies and any questions about poisons and poison prevention
(703) 894-1858 for calls that are not poison exposure questions
Fax: (703) 683-2812
Web Address: www.aapcc.org
 

The American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) provides contact information for poison control centers located throughout the United States. The organization also has tips on poison prevention and first aid.


National Pesticide Information Center
Oregon State University
333 Weniger Hall
Corvallis, OR  97331-6502
Phone: 1-800-858-7378
Email: npic@ace.orst.edu
Web Address: www.npic.orst.edu
 

The National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) is a cooperative effort between Oregon State University and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The NPIC has fact sheets about pesticide safety issues relating to home and garden use, food, water, and pets. They also have detailed information about pesticide manufacturers, chemicals found in products, pesticide labels, and more.


References

Citations

  1. National Pesticide Information Center (2008). Signal words. Available online: http://npic.orst.edu/factsheets/signalwords.html.

Other Works Consulted

  • Rumack BH, Dart RC (2012). Poisoning. In WW Hay Jr et al., eds., Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Pediatrics, 21st ed., pp. 339–366. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Credits

By Healthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
Specialist Medical Reviewer Thomas Emmett Francoeur, MD, MDCM, CSPQ, FRCPC - Pediatrics
Last Revised November 26, 2012

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