Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • MRKH
  • MRKH syndrome
  • Rokitansky syndrome
  • Mullerian agenesis
  • Mullerian aplasia
  • congenital absence of the uterus and vagina (CAUV)
  • genital renal ear syndrome (GRES)

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome type I
  • isolated Mullerian aplasia
  • Rokitansky sequence
  • Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome type II
  • MUllerian duct aplasia-Renal dysplasia-Cervical Somite anomalies Assoc.
  • MURCS association

General Discussion

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is a rare disorder that affects women. It is characterized by the failure of the uterus and the vagina to develop properly in women who have normal ovarian function and normal external genitalia. Women with this disorder develop normal secondary sexual characteristics during puberty (e.g., breast development and pubic hair), but do not have a menstrual cycle (primary amenorrhea). Often, the failure to begin the menstrual cycle is the initial clinical sign of MRKH syndrome. The range and severity of MRKH syndrome can vary greatly and the disorder is generally broken down into type I, which occurs as an isolated finding, and type II, which occurs with abnormalities of additional organ systems including mainly the kidneys and the skeleton. Because of the nature of the disorder, MRKH syndrome can cause significant psychological challenges and counseling is recommended. The exact cause of MRKH syndrome remains largely unknown, but there is now no doubt of a genetic origin. In this respect, an update on the most recent research publications shows the involvement of several chromosomal segments, some of them including genes likely to account for the disorder.

Resources

MAGIC Foundation
6645 W. North Avenue
Oak Park, IL 60302
Tel: (708)383-0808
Fax: (708)383-0899
Tel: (800)362-4423
Email: mary@magicfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.magicfoundation.org

National Kidney Foundation
30 East 33rd Street
New York, NY 10016
Tel: (212)889-2210
Fax: (212)689-9261
Tel: (800)622-9010
Email: info@kidney.org
Internet: http://www.kidney.org

NIH/National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
3 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892-3580
Fax: (703)738-4929
Tel: (800)891-5390
TDD: (866)569-1162
Email: nkudic@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.kidney.niddk.nih.gov/

RESOLVE: National Infertility Association
1760 Old Meadow Rd
Suite 500
McLean, VA 22102
Tel: (703)556-7172
Fax: (703)506-3266
Email: info@resolve.org
Internet: http://www.resolve.org

AIS/DSD Support Group for Women and Families
P.O. Box 2148
Duncan, OK 73534-2148
USA
Email: aissgusa@hotmail.com
Internet: http://www.aissg.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Accord Alliance
531 Route 22 East #244
Whitehouse Station, NJ 08889
USA
Tel: (908)349-0534
Fax: (801)349-0534
Email: janet.green@accordalliance.org
Internet: http://www.accordalliance.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  6/10/2011
Copyright  1996, 2003, 2011 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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