Agenesis of Corpus Callosum

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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It is possible that the main title of the report Agenesis of Corpus Callosum is not the name you expected.

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Agenesis of corpus callosum (ACC) is a rare disorder that is present at birth (congenital). It is characterized by a partial or complete absence (agenesis) of an area of the brain that connects the two cerebral hemispheres. This part of the brain is normally composed of transverse fibers. The cause of agenesis of corpus callosum is usually not known, but it can be inherited as either an autosomal recessive trait or an X-linked dominant trait. It can also be caused by an infection or injury during the twelfth to the twenty-second week of pregnancy (intrauterine) leading to developmental disturbance of the fetal brain. Intrauterine exposure to alcohol (Fetal alcohol syndrome) can also result in ACC. In some cases mental retardation may result, but intelligence may be only mildly impaired and subtle psychosocial symptoms may be present.

ACC is frequently diagnosed during the first two years of life. An epileptic seizure can be the first symptom indicating that a child should be tested for a brain dysfunction. The disorder can also be without apparent symptoms in the mildest cases for many years.

Supporting Organizations

Birth Defect Research for Children, Inc.

976 Lake Baldwin Lane
Orlando, FL 32814
Tel: (407)895-0802

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311

Hydrocephalus Association

4340 East West Highway Ste 950
Bethesda, MD 20814
Tel: (301)202-3811
Fax: (301)202-3813
Tel: (888)598-3789

March of Dimes

1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Email: or
Website: and

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424

National Hydrocephalus Foundation

12413 Centralia Rd.
Lakewood, CA 90715-1653
Tel: (562)924-6666
Fax: (562)924-6666
Tel: (888)857-3434

National Organization for Disorders of the Corpus Callosum

PMB 363
18032-C Lemon Drive
Yorba Linda, CA 92886
Tel: (714)747-0063
Fax: (714)693-0808

The Arc

1825 K Street NW, Suite 1200
Washington, DC 20006
Tel: (202)534-3700
Fax: (202)534-3731
Tel: (800)433-5255

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

Last Updated:  8/8/2007
Copyright  2007 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.